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Holocaust Timeline

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Jan 30, 1933:

Hindenburg appoints Adolf Hitler Chancellor of Germany

Mar 20, 1933:

SS opens the Dachau concentration camp outside of Munich

Apr 1, 1933:

Boycott of Jewish-owned shops and businesses in Germany

Apr 7, 1933:

Law for the Reestablishment of the Professional Civil Service

Jul 14, 1933:

Law for the Prevention of Progeny with Hereditary Diseases

Sept 15, 1935:

Nuremberg Race Laws

Mar 16, 1935:

Germany introduces military conscription

Mar 7, 1936:

German troops march unopposed into the Rhineland

Aug 1, 1936:

Summer Olympics begin in Berlin

Mar 11, 1936 - Mar 13, 1936:

Germany incorporates Austria in the Anschluss (Union)

Nov 9, 1938 -
Nov 10, 1938:

Kristallnacht (nationwide program in Germany)

May 13, 1938:

The St. Louis sails from Hamburg, Germany

Sept 29, 1938:

Munich Agreement

Aug 23, 1939:

Nazi-Soviet Nonaggression Agreement

Sept 1, 1939:

Germany invades Poland, starting World War II in Europe

Sept 17, 1939:

The Soviet Union occupies Poland from the east

Oct 8, 1939:

Germans establish a ghetto in Piotrków Trybunalski, Poland

Apr 9, 1940:

Germany invades Denmark and Norway

May 10, 1940:

Germany attacks Western Europe

Jul 10, 1940:

Battle of Britain begins

Apr 6, 1941:

Germany invades Yugoslavia and Greece

Jun 22, 1941:

Germany invades the Soviet Union

Jul 6, 1941:

Mobile killing units shoot nearly 3,000 Jews at the Seventh Fort in Kovno

Aug 3, 1941:

Bishop Clemens August Graf von Galen of Muenster denounces the “euthanasia” program in a public sermon

Sept 28, 1941 - Sept 29, 1941:

Mobile killing units shoot about 34,000 Jews at Babi Yar, outside Kiev

Nov 7, 1941:

Mobile killing units round up 13,000 Jews from the Minsk ghetto and kill them in nearby Tuchinki

Nov 30, 1941:

Mobile killing units shoot 10,000 Jews from the Riga ghetto in the Rumbula Forest

Dec 6, 1941:

Soviet winter counteroffensive launched

Dec 7, 1941:

Japan bombs Pearl Harbor

Dec 8, 1941:

US declares war on Japan

Dec , 1941:

The first killing operations begin at Chelmno

Dec 11, 1941:

Nazi Germany declares war on the United States

Jan 16, 1942:

Germans begin mass deportation of more than 65,000 Jews from Lodz to Chelmno

Jan 20, 1942:

Wannsee Conference held near Berlin, Germany

Mar 27, 1942:

Germans begin mass deportation of more than 65,000 Jews from Drancy, primarily to Auschwitz

Jun 28, 1942:

Germany launches a new offensive towards the city of Stalingrad

Jul 15, 1942:

Germans begin mass deportation of nearly 100,000 Jews from the occupied Netherlands primarily to Auschwitz

Jul 22, 1942:

Germans begin mass deportation of over 300,000 Jews from the Warsaw ghetto to Treblinka

Sept 12, 1942:

Germans complete the mass deportation of about 265,000 Jews from Warsaw to Treblinka

Nov 23, 1942:

Soviet troops counter attack at Stalingrad, trapping the German Sixth Army in the city

Apr 19, 1943:

Warsaw ghetto uprising begins

Jul 5, 1943:

Battle of Kursk

Oct 1, 1943:

Rescue of Jews in Denmark

Nov 6, 1943:

Soviet troops liberate Kiev

Mar 19, 1944:

Germans forces occupy Hungary

May 15, 1944:

Germans begin mass deportation of about 440,000 Jews from Hungary

Jun 6, 1944:

D-Day: Allied forces invade Normandy, France

Jul 22, 1944:

The Soviets launch an offensive in eastern Belarus

Jul 25, 1944:

Anglo-American forces break out of Normandy

Aug 1, 1944:

Warsaw Polish uprising begins

Aug 15, 1944:

Allied forces land in southern France

Aug 25, 1944:

Liberation of Paris

Dec 16, 1944:

Battle of the Bulge

Jan 12, 1945:

Soviet winter offensive

Jan 18, 1945:

Death march of nearly 60,000 prisoners from Auschwitz

Jan 25, 1945:

Death march of nearly 50,000 prisoners from Stutthof

Jan 27, 1945:

Soviet troops liberate Auschwitz

Mar 7, 1945:

U.S. troops cross the Rhine River at Remagen

Apr 16, 1945:

The Soviets encircle Berlin in their final offensive

April 29, 1945:

American forces liberate the Dachau concentration camp

Apr 30, 1945:

Adolf Hitler commits suicide

May 7, 1945:

Germany surrenders to the western Allies

May 9, 1945:

Germany surrenders to the Soviets