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Holocaust Timeline

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Jan 30, 1933:

Hindenburg appoints Adolf Hitler Chancellor of Germany

Mar 20, 1933:

SS opens the Dachau concentration camp outside of Munich

Apr 1, 1933:

Boycott of Jewish-owned shops and businesses in Germany

Apr 7, 1933:

Law for the Reestablishment of the Professional Civil Service

Jul 14, 1933:

Law for the Prevention of Progeny with Hereditary Diseases

Sept 15, 1935:

Nuremberg Race Laws

Mar 16, 1935:

Germany introduces military conscription

Mar 7, 1936:

German troops march unopposed into the Rhineland

Aug 1, 1936:

Summer Olympics begin in Berlin

Mar 11, 1936 - Mar 13, 1936:

Germany incorporates Austria in the Anschluss (Union)

Nov 9, 1938 -
Nov 10, 1938:

Kristallnacht (nationwide program in Germany)

May 13, 1938:

The St. Louis sails from Hamburg, Germany

Sept 29, 1938:

Munich Agreement

Aug 23, 1939:

Nazi-Soviet Nonaggression Agreement

Sept 1, 1939:

Germany invades Poland, starting World War II in Europe

Sept 17, 1939:

The Soviet Union occupies Poland from the east

Oct 8, 1939:

Germans establish a ghetto in Piotrków Trybunalski, Poland

Apr 9, 1940:

Germany invades Denmark and Norway

May 10, 1940:

Germany attacks Western Europe

Jul 10, 1940:

Battle of Britain begins

Apr 6, 1941:

Germany invades Yugoslavia and Greece

Jun 22, 1941:

Germany invades the Soviet Union

Jul 6, 1941:

Mobile killing units shoot nearly 3,000 Jews at the Seventh Fort in Kovno

Aug 3, 1941:

Bishop Clemens August Graf von Galen of Muenster denounces the “euthanasia” program in a public sermon

Sept 28, 1941 - Sept 29, 1941:

Mobile killing units shoot about 34,000 Jews at Babi Yar, outside Kiev

Nov 7, 1941:

Mobile killing units round up 13,000 Jews from the Minsk ghetto and kill them in nearby Tuchinki

Nov 30, 1941:

Mobile killing units shoot 10,000 Jews from the Riga ghetto in the Rumbula Forest

Dec 6, 1941:

Soviet winter counteroffensive launched

Dec 7, 1941:

Japan bombs Pearl Harbor

Dec 8, 1941:

US declares war on Japan

Dec , 1941:

The first killing operations begin at Chelmno

Dec 11, 1941:

Nazi Germany declares war on the United States

Jan 16, 1942:

Germans begin mass deportation of more than 65,000 Jews from Lodz to Chelmno

Jan 20, 1942:

Wannsee Conference held near Berlin, Germany

Mar 27, 1942:

Germans begin mass deportation of more than 65,000 Jews from Drancy, primarily to Auschwitz

Jun 28, 1942:

Germany launches a new offensive towards the city of Stalingrad

Jul 15, 1942:

Germans begin mass deportation of nearly 100,000 Jews from the occupied Netherlands primarily to Auschwitz

Jul 22, 1942:

Germans begin mass deportation of over 300,000 Jews from the Warsaw ghetto to Treblinka

Sept 12, 1942:

Germans complete the mass deportation of about 265,000 Jews from Warsaw to Treblinka

Nov 23, 1942:

Soviet troops counter attack at Stalingrad, trapping the German Sixth Army in the city

Apr 19, 1943:

Warsaw ghetto uprising begins

Jul 5, 1943:

Battle of Kursk

Oct 1, 1943:

Rescue of Jews in Denmark

Nov 6, 1943:

Soviet troops liberate Kiev

Mar 19, 1944:

Germans forces occupy Hungary

May 15, 1944:

Germans begin mass deportation of about 440,000 Jews from Hungary

Jun 6, 1944:

D-Day: Allied forces invade Normandy, France

Jul 22, 1944:

The Soviets launch an offensive in eastern Belarus

Jul 25, 1944:

Anglo-American forces break out of Normandy

Aug 1, 1944:

Warsaw Polish uprising begins

Aug 15, 1944:

Allied forces land in southern France

Aug 25, 1944:

Liberation of Paris

Dec 16, 1944:

Battle of the Bulge

Jan 12, 1945:

Soviet winter offensive

Jan 18, 1945:

Death march of nearly 60,000 prisoners from Auschwitz

Jan 25, 1945:

Death march of nearly 50,000 prisoners from Stutthof

Jan 27, 1945:

Soviet troops liberate Auschwitz

Mar 7, 1945:

U.S. troops cross the Rhine River at Remagen

Apr 16, 1945:

The Soviets encircle Berlin in their final offensive

April 29, 1945:

American forces liberate the Dachau concentration camp

Apr 30, 1945:

Adolf Hitler commits suicide

May 7, 1945:

Germany surrenders to the western Allies

May 9, 1945:

Germany surrenders to the Soviets


    HOLOCAUST DEATHS BY COUNTRY

    COUNTRY

    ESTIMATED
    PRE-WAR
    JEWISH
    POPULATION

    ESTIMATED
    JEWISH
    POPULATION
    ANNIHILATED

    Poland

    3,300,000

    3,000,000

    Baltic countries

    253,000

    228,000

    Germany & Austria

    240,000

    210,000

    Bohemia & Moravia

    90,000

    80,000

    Slovakia

    90,000

    75,000

    Greece

    70,000

    54,000

    Netherlands

    140,000

    105,000

    Hungary

    650,000

    450,000

    Byelorussian SSR

    375,000

    245,000

    Ukrainian SSR

    1,500,000

    900,000

    Belgium

    65,000

    40,000

    Yugoslavia

    43,000

    26,000

    Romania

    600,000

    300,000

    Norway

    2,173

    890

    France

    350,000

    90,000

    Bulgaria

    64,000

    14,000

    Italy

    40,000

    8,000

    Luxembourg

    5,000

    1,000

    Russian SFSR

    975,000

    107,000

    Finland

    2,000

    22

    Denmark

    8,000

    52

    TOTALS

    8,861,800

    5,933,900