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Treblinka II

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Location:

On the River Bug in Treblinka, Poland, 62 miles northeast of Warsaw

Original use:

Built by Nazis as an extermination camp

Operational:

July 1942 – November 1943

Operated by:

German Schutzstaffel (SS)

Commandants:

SS Obergruppenführer Odilo Globocnik
(November 1939 – September 1943)

SS Obersturmführer Dr. Irmfried Eberl
(July 1942 – September 1942)

SS Rottenführer Max Biala
(July 1942 – September 1942)

SS Hauptsturmführer Franz Stangl
(September 1942 – August 1943)

SS Untersturmführer Kurt Hubert Franz
(August 1943 – November 1943)

Estimated deaths:

850,000; primarily Jews, Gypsies and Romani

Liberated:

Dismantled and evacuated by Nazis in November 1943

Of note:

The historical records show that the Treblinka camp guards were of varied ethnic groups and nationalities, comprising not only Germans but also a number of Russians, Ukrainians, Tatars, Moldovans, Latvians and representatives of Soviet Central Asia


Treblinka II photos

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Treblinka entrance

 

transport_to_treblinka

 

treblinka - awaiting deportation from warsaw

 

Treblinka uprising survivors

 

Treblinka memorial