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Treblinka II

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Location:

On the River Bug in Treblinka, Poland, 62 miles northeast of Warsaw

Original use:

Built by Nazis as an extermination camp

Operational:

July 1942 – November 1943

Operated by:

German Schutzstaffel (SS)

Commandants:

SS Obergruppenführer Odilo Globocnik
(November 1939 – September 1943)

SS Obersturmführer Dr. Irmfried Eberl
(July 1942 – September 1942)

SS Rottenführer Max Biala
(July 1942 – September 1942)

SS Hauptsturmführer Franz Stangl
(September 1942 – August 1943)

SS Untersturmführer Kurt Hubert Franz
(August 1943 – November 1943)

Estimated deaths:

850,000; primarily Jews, Gypsies and Romani

Liberated:

Dismantled and evacuated by Nazis in November 1943

Of note:

The historical records show that the Treblinka camp guards were of varied ethnic groups and nationalities, comprising not only Germans but also a number of Russians, Ukrainians, Tatars, Moldovans, Latvians and representatives of Soviet Central Asia


Treblinka II photos

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Treblinka entrance

 

transport_to_treblinka

 

treblinka - awaiting deportation from warsaw

 

Treblinka uprising survivors

 

Treblinka memorial

 


    HOLOCAUST DEATHS BY COUNTRY

    COUNTRY

    ESTIMATED
    PRE-WAR
    JEWISH
    POPULATION

    ESTIMATED
    JEWISH
    POPULATION
    ANNIHILATED

    Poland

    3,300,000

    3,000,000

    Baltic countries

    253,000

    228,000

    Germany & Austria

    240,000

    210,000

    Bohemia & Moravia

    90,000

    80,000

    Slovakia

    90,000

    75,000

    Greece

    70,000

    54,000

    Netherlands

    140,000

    105,000

    Hungary

    650,000

    450,000

    Byelorussian SSR

    375,000

    245,000

    Ukrainian SSR

    1,500,000

    900,000

    Belgium

    65,000

    40,000

    Yugoslavia

    43,000

    26,000

    Romania

    600,000

    300,000

    Norway

    2,173

    890

    France

    350,000

    90,000

    Bulgaria

    64,000

    14,000

    Italy

    40,000

    8,000

    Luxembourg

    5,000

    1,000

    Russian SFSR

    975,000

    107,000

    Finland

    2,000

    22

    Denmark

    8,000

    52

    TOTALS

    8,861,800

    5,933,900