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Sobibór

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Location:

Outskirts of the town of Sobibór in the Lublin Voivodeship of occupied Poland

Original use:

Constructed by Germans in 1941 in connection with Aktion Reinhard, specifically for the murder of Jews

Operational:

March 1942 - October 1943

Operated by:

German Schutzstaffel (SS)

Commandants:

SS Hauptsturmführer Franz Stangl
(March 1942 – September 1942)

SS Oberscharführer Heinz Kurt Bolender
(April 1942 – October 1943)

SS Rottenführer Heinrich Barbl
(1942)

SS Unterscharführer Werner Becher
(August 1942 – December 1942)

SS Oberscharführer Siegfried Craetschus
(August 1942 – October 1943)

SS Hauptsturmführer Franz Reichleitner
(September 1942 – October 1943)

SS Scharführer Max Bree
(June 1943 – October 1943)

Estimated deaths:

At least 250,000 Jews from Poland, France, Germany, Holland, Czechoslovakia, Jewish Soviet prisoners of war, and possibly Gypsies

Liberated:

Closed by Nazis after a successful revolt in October 1943; the camp was planted with trees days afterwards to disguise the site


Sobibór photos

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Sobibor entrance

 

 Globocnik at Sobibor

 

Sobibor rr

 

1389.4 Holocaust D

 

sobibor memorial

 

 


    HOLOCAUST DEATHS BY COUNTRY

    COUNTRY

    ESTIMATED
    PRE-WAR
    JEWISH
    POPULATION

    ESTIMATED
    JEWISH
    POPULATION
    ANNIHILATED

    Poland

    3,300,000

    3,000,000

    Baltic countries

    253,000

    228,000

    Germany & Austria

    240,000

    210,000

    Bohemia & Moravia

    90,000

    80,000

    Slovakia

    90,000

    75,000

    Greece

    70,000

    54,000

    Netherlands

    140,000

    105,000

    Hungary

    650,000

    450,000

    Byelorussian SSR

    375,000

    245,000

    Ukrainian SSR

    1,500,000

    900,000

    Belgium

    65,000

    40,000

    Yugoslavia

    43,000

    26,000

    Romania

    600,000

    300,000

    Norway

    2,173

    890

    France

    350,000

    90,000

    Bulgaria

    64,000

    14,000

    Italy

    40,000

    8,000

    Luxembourg

    5,000

    1,000

    Russian SFSR

    975,000

    107,000

    Finland

    2,000

    22

    Denmark

    8,000

    52

    TOTALS

    8,861,800

    5,933,900