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Płaszów

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Location:

Poland, a southern suburb of Kraków

Original use:

Constructed by Nazis on the grounds of two former Jewish cemeteries as a forced labor camp (converted to an extermination camp in 1944)

Operational:

October 1942 – January 1945

Operated by:

German Schutzstaffel (SS)

Commandants:

SS Unterscarführer Horst Pilarzik
(1942)

SS Oberscharführer Franz Müller
(1942 – February 1943)

SS Hauptsturmführer Amon Göth
(February 1943 – September 1944)

Estimated deaths:

80,000; mainly Jews from the Kraków ghetto

Liberated:

Prisoners were led on a death march to Auschwitz in January 1945, and remaining staff completely dismantled the camp, leaving an empty field for the arriving Red Army

Of note:

This was the camp which the movie Schindler's List was based on, from where German Oskar Schindler saved roughly 1,000 Jews using his own money


Płaszów photos

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plaszow entrance

 

Plaszow

 

Plaszow quarry

 

Plaszow women laborers

 

1389.3 Holocaust B

 

Plaszow_Memorial

 


    HOLOCAUST DEATHS BY COUNTRY

    COUNTRY

    ESTIMATED
    PRE-WAR
    JEWISH
    POPULATION

    ESTIMATED
    JEWISH
    POPULATION
    ANNIHILATED

    Poland

    3,300,000

    3,000,000

    Baltic countries

    253,000

    228,000

    Germany & Austria

    240,000

    210,000

    Bohemia & Moravia

    90,000

    80,000

    Slovakia

    90,000

    75,000

    Greece

    70,000

    54,000

    Netherlands

    140,000

    105,000

    Hungary

    650,000

    450,000

    Byelorussian SSR

    375,000

    245,000

    Ukrainian SSR

    1,500,000

    900,000

    Belgium

    65,000

    40,000

    Yugoslavia

    43,000

    26,000

    Romania

    600,000

    300,000

    Norway

    2,173

    890

    France

    350,000

    90,000

    Bulgaria

    64,000

    14,000

    Italy

    40,000

    8,000

    Luxembourg

    5,000

    1,000

    Russian SFSR

    975,000

    107,000

    Finland

    2,000

    22

    Denmark

    8,000

    52

    TOTALS

    8,861,800

    5,933,900