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Dachau

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Location:

Southern Germany, northwest of Munich in the state of Bavaria

Original use:

Munitions factory

Operational:

March 1933 – April 1945

Operated by:

German Schutzstaffel (SS)

Commandants:

SS Standartenführer Hilmar Wäckerle
(March 1933 – June 1933)

SS Gruppenführer Theodor Eicke
(June 1933 – July 1934)

SS Oberführer Alexander Reiner
(July 1934 – October 1934)

SS Brigadeführer Berthold Maack
(October 1934 – January 1935)

SS Oberführer Heinrich Deubel
(January 1935 – March 1936)

SS Oberführer Hans Loritz
(March 1936 – January 1939)

SS Hauptsturmführer Alex Piorkowski
(January 1939 – January 1942)

SS Obersturmbannführer Martin Weiß
(January 1942 – September 1943)

SS Hauptsturmführer Eduard Weiter
(September 1943 – April 1945)

SS Obersturmbannführer Martin Weiß
(April 1945 – April 1945)

SS Untersturmführer Johannes Otto
(April 1945)

SS Sturmscharführer Heinrich Wicker
(April 1945 – April 1945)

Estimated deaths:

31,951 documented, although actual number is thought to be much higher

Liberated:

April 29, 1945 by U.S. 42nd Infantry Division of the U.S. Seventh Army


Dachau photos

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Dachau entrance

 

dachau fences

 

Dachau inspection Himmler

 

Dachau_Block_X_gas_chamber

 

Prisoners_liberation_dachau 

Dachau 1945

 

dachau-memorial-sculpture-dachau-germany