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Chelmno (aka Kulmhof)

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Location:

Eastern Poland, 37.5 miles from Łódź, Poland’s second largest city

Original use:

Manorial estate

Operational:

December 1941 – July 1944

Operated by:

German Schutzstaffel (SS)

Commandants:

SS Hauptsturmführer Herbert Lange
(September 1939 – February 1942)

SS Hauptsturmführer Hans Bothmann
(March 1942 – April 1943)

SS Untersturmführer Walter Filer - deputy to Bothmann

SS Untersturmführer Alois Häfele - oversaw all activities

SS Hauptscharführer Albert Richter - division commander

SS Hauptscharführer Wilhelm Lenz - chief woods commando

SS Hauptscharführer Johann Runge - oversaw the crematoria operations

SS Unterscharführer Erich Kretschmer - deputy to Runge

SS Hauptscharführer Erwin Burstinger – in charge of keeping the gas vans fueled

SS Hauptscharführer Gustav Laabs - driver of the gas vans

SS Hauptscharführer Herman Gilow - driver of the gas vans

SS Unterscharführer Walter Burmeister - driver of the gas vans

SS Rottenführer Wilhelm Gürlich - deputy to Burmeister

Estimated deaths:

At least 153,000; mainly Poles and Jews from the Łódź ghetto and the surrounding area, along with Gypsies from Greater Poland and some Hungarian Jews, Czechs and Soviet prisoners of war

Liberated:

Camp destroyed and evacuated by Nazis in July 1944 as the Soviet Army approached; remaining prisoners transported to Auschwitz


Chelmno photos

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chelmno 1941

 

Chelmno death van invoice

 

Chelmno goodbye

 

chelmno

 

Chelmno_Gas_Van

 

chelmno memorial


    HOLOCAUST DEATHS BY COUNTRY

    COUNTRY

    ESTIMATED
    PRE-WAR
    JEWISH
    POPULATION

    ESTIMATED
    JEWISH
    POPULATION
    ANNIHILATED

    Poland

    3,300,000

    3,000,000

    Baltic countries

    253,000

    228,000

    Germany & Austria

    240,000

    210,000

    Bohemia & Moravia

    90,000

    80,000

    Slovakia

    90,000

    75,000

    Greece

    70,000

    54,000

    Netherlands

    140,000

    105,000

    Hungary

    650,000

    450,000

    Byelorussian SSR

    375,000

    245,000

    Ukrainian SSR

    1,500,000

    900,000

    Belgium

    65,000

    40,000

    Yugoslavia

    43,000

    26,000

    Romania

    600,000

    300,000

    Norway

    2,173

    890

    France

    350,000

    90,000

    Bulgaria

    64,000

    14,000

    Italy

    40,000

    8,000

    Luxembourg

    5,000

    1,000

    Russian SFSR

    975,000

    107,000

    Finland

    2,000

    22

    Denmark

    8,000

    52

    TOTALS

    8,861,800

    5,933,900