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Buchenwald

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Location:

Etter Mountain near Weimar, Germany

Original use:

Constructed by Nazis in 1937

Operational:

July 1937 - April 1945

Operated by:

German Schutzstaffel (SS); the NKVD (after WWII)

Commandants:

SS Sturmbannführer Jacob Weiseborn
(1937)

SS Obersturmbannführer Karl Otto Koch
(1937 – 1942)

SS Standartenführer Hermann Pister
(1942 – 1945)

Head Supervisor [of women] (and wife of Karl Otto Koch) Ilse Koch
(1937 – 1941)

Estimated deaths:

56,545 Jews, non-Jewish Poles and Slovenes, religious and political prisoners, Roma and Gypsies, Jehova Witnesses, criminals, homosexuals and prisoners of war

Liberated:

April 11, 1945 by US 9th Armored Infantry Battalion, U.S. 6th Armored Division, US Third Army


Buchenwald photos

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Buchenwald entrance

 

Holocaust

 

Buchenwald gallows

 

Buchenwald ovens

 

buchenwald memorial