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Buchenwald

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Location:

Etter Mountain near Weimar, Germany

Original use:

Constructed by Nazis in 1937

Operational:

July 1937 - April 1945

Operated by:

German Schutzstaffel (SS); the NKVD (after WWII)

Commandants:

SS Sturmbannführer Jacob Weiseborn
(1937)

SS Obersturmbannführer Karl Otto Koch
(1937 – 1942)

SS Standartenführer Hermann Pister
(1942 – 1945)

Head Supervisor [of women] (and wife of Karl Otto Koch) Ilse Koch
(1937 – 1941)

Estimated deaths:

56,545 Jews, non-Jewish Poles and Slovenes, religious and political prisoners, Roma and Gypsies, Jehova Witnesses, criminals, homosexuals and prisoners of war

Liberated:

April 11, 1945 by US 9th Armored Infantry Battalion, U.S. 6th Armored Division, US Third Army


Buchenwald photos

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Buchenwald entrance

 

Holocaust

 

Buchenwald gallows

 

Buchenwald ovens

 

buchenwald memorial


    HOLOCAUST DEATHS BY COUNTRY

    COUNTRY

    ESTIMATED
    PRE-WAR
    JEWISH
    POPULATION

    ESTIMATED
    JEWISH
    POPULATION
    ANNIHILATED

    Poland

    3,300,000

    3,000,000

    Baltic countries

    253,000

    228,000

    Germany & Austria

    240,000

    210,000

    Bohemia & Moravia

    90,000

    80,000

    Slovakia

    90,000

    75,000

    Greece

    70,000

    54,000

    Netherlands

    140,000

    105,000

    Hungary

    650,000

    450,000

    Byelorussian SSR

    375,000

    245,000

    Ukrainian SSR

    1,500,000

    900,000

    Belgium

    65,000

    40,000

    Yugoslavia

    43,000

    26,000

    Romania

    600,000

    300,000

    Norway

    2,173

    890

    France

    350,000

    90,000

    Bulgaria

    64,000

    14,000

    Italy

    40,000

    8,000

    Luxembourg

    5,000

    1,000

    Russian SFSR

    975,000

    107,000

    Finland

    2,000

    22

    Denmark

    8,000

    52

    TOTALS

    8,861,800

    5,933,900