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Belzec

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Location:

Occupied Poland, 47 miles north of the major city of Lvov

Original use:

Constructed by Germans in 1941 in connection with Aktion
Reinhard, specifically for the murder of Jews

Operational:

October 1941 – June 1943

Operated by:

German Schutzstaffel (SS)

Commandants:

SS Sturmbannführer Christian Wirth
(December 1941 – August 1942)

SS Obersturmführer Gottlieb Hering
(August 1942 – December 1942)

SS Unterscharführer Josef Oberhauser
(November 1941 – August 1942)

Estimated deaths:

600,000 Jews, Gypsies, Poles and Roma

Liberated:

Closed by Nazis in 1943 and converted to a farm to disguise the site and prevent locals from digging up human remains

 

    HOLOCAUST DEATHS BY COUNTRY

    COUNTRY

    ESTIMATED
    PRE-WAR
    JEWISH
    POPULATION

    ESTIMATED
    JEWISH
    POPULATION
    ANNIHILATED

    Poland

    3,300,000

    3,000,000

    Baltic countries

    253,000

    228,000

    Germany & Austria

    240,000

    210,000

    Bohemia & Moravia

    90,000

    80,000

    Slovakia

    90,000

    75,000

    Greece

    70,000

    54,000

    Netherlands

    140,000

    105,000

    Hungary

    650,000

    450,000

    Byelorussian SSR

    375,000

    245,000

    Ukrainian SSR

    1,500,000

    900,000

    Belgium

    65,000

    40,000

    Yugoslavia

    43,000

    26,000

    Romania

    600,000

    300,000

    Norway

    2,173

    890

    France

    350,000

    90,000

    Bulgaria

    64,000

    14,000

    Italy

    40,000

    8,000

    Luxembourg

    5,000

    1,000

    Russian SFSR

    975,000

    107,000

    Finland

    2,000

    22

    Denmark

    8,000

    52

    TOTALS

    8,861,800

    5,933,900